A convex polygon can be defined as a polygon with all its interior angles less than 180 degrees. Also, all diagonals lie entirely inside a convex polygon. If a convex polygon has 324 diagonals, how many sides does this polygon have?
Source: mathcontest.olemiss.edu 12/10/2007
A triangle has 0 diagonal.
A quadrilateral has 2 diagonals.
A pentagon has 5 diagonals.
Consider a polygon with sides. It has vertices.
Pretend you are standing at a vertex called “You” in the figure above and facing the interior of the convex polygon. How do you know which way is the interior? If you see no vertices in front of you, you are facing the exterior of the polygon. If you see vertices you are facing the interior of the polygon. You have two neighbors one on your immediate left and one on your immediate right. You also have a lot of non-neighboring vertices to which you are connected by diagonals. In fact, you have exactly non-neighboring vertices to which you are connected by diagonals. We subtract 1 for yourself and 2 for your 2 neighbors.
What is true about you is also true about each of the vertices of the polygon. So, the polygon has a total of diagonals. We divide by 2 because we double count the diagonals.
Check the formula
Let’s draw a hexagon to verify that there are 9 diagonals:
We want to know how many sides are in a polygon with 324 diagonals. We write the following equation:
Let’s try a few numbers for :
So, the polygon has 27 sides.